1868, from bi- “two” + a Latinized form of Greek kyklos “circle, wheel” (see cycle (n.)), on the pattern of tricycle; both the word and the vehicle superseding earlier velocipede.
The English word is said in some dictionaries to be probably not from French, but the 1868 citations are in a French context: The velocipedes, about which the Parisians have run mad at the present moment, are of various kinds. … The two wheel velocipedes, the bicycles as they are styled, are intended for the male sex only, and are by far the swiftest machines. [“Supplement to the Courant,” Hartford, Conn., Dec. 16, 1868]. Pierre Lallement, employee of a French carriage works, improved Macmillan’s 1839 pedal velocipede in 1865 and took the invention to America. See also pennyfarthing. As a verb, from 1869.
The velocipede of 1869 was worked by treadles operating cranks on the axle oi the front wheel.
(redirected from bicycle)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Main injuries Pain, numbness and injuries of the knee, as well as wrists, buttocks, pelvis, carpal tunnel and ulnar nerve, skin breakdown of the buttocks due to over-training, pelvic nerve compression, transient sexual dysfunction due to long rides
Sports medicine Main injuries Pain, numbness and injuries, primarily of the knee, but also wrists, buttocks, pelvis, carpal tunnel and ulnar nerve, skin breakdown of the buttocks due to overtraining, pelvic nerve compression, transient sexual dysfunction due to long rides. See Water therapy.
Patient discussion about bicycling
light, two-wheeled vehicle driven by pedals. The name velocipede is often given to early forms of the bicycle and to its predecessor, the dandy horse, a two-wheeled vehicle moved by the thrust of the rider’s feet upon the ground. Probably the first practical dandy horse was the draisine, originated c.1816 by Baron Karl Drais von Sauerbronn, chief forester of the duchy of Baden, to facilitate his inspection tours. Introduced into England in 1818, it was slowly improved, and c.1839 Kirkpatrick MacMillan, a Scottish blacksmith, developed a machine propelled by foot treadles and incorporating cranks, driving rods, and handlebars. The French inventor Ernest Michaux introduced in 1855 a heavy crank-driven bicycle. This was perfected c.1865 by Pierre Lallement, whose velocipede, known as a “boneshaker,” ran on ironclad wooden rims, the front wheel larger than the rear. Major improvements followed rapidly, including a light, hollow steel frame, ball bearings, tangential metal
WordReference Random House Learner’s Dictionary of American English © 2020
- Transporta conveyance moving on wheels, runners, or the like, such as an automobile; a device by which someone or something is carried:a motor vehicle.
- Transportany means in or by which someone or something is carried or conveyed:Air is the vehicle of sound.
- Show Businessa play, screenplay, or other artistic work or entertainment with a role designed or especially well suited to display the talents of a certain performer.
ve•hic•u•lar /vɪˈhɪkyəlɚ/USA pronunciation adj. See -vec-.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
(vē′i kəl or, sometimes, vē′hi-),USA pronunciation n.
- Transportany means in or by which someone travels or something is carried or conveyed;
2. any medium through which an impulse is propagated.
1. An excipient or a menstruum; a substance, usually without therapeutic action, used as a medium to give bulk for the administration of medicines.
2. An inanimate substance (for example, food, milk, dust, clothing, instrument) by which or on which an infectious agent passes from an infected to a susceptible host; vehicles consequently act as important sources of infection.
[L. vehiculum, a conveyance, fr. veho, to carry]
An inactive substance that is combined with an active medication to facilitate administration.
Epidemiology An inanimate intermediate in the indirect transmission of a pathogen from a reservoir or infected host to a susceptible host; vehicles include foods, clothing, instruments. Cf Vector Pharmacology An inert carrier or excipient for a therapeutic agent–eg, water, alcohol-containing elixirs or a sweetened syrup, which provides bulk or